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In Artikeln nationaler und internationaler Fachjournals, Büchern, Beiträgen in Sammelbändern, Working Papers, u.v.m. präsentieren und diskutieren die Autor*innen die neuesten sozialwissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse aus der umfangreichen Forschungsarbeit, die am Institut für Soziologie geleistet wird.

Educational differences in cohort fertility across subnational regions in Europe

Autor(en)
Jessica Nisén, Sebastian Klüsener, Johan Dahlberg, Lars Dommermuth, Aiva Jasilioniene, Michaela Kreyenfeld, Trude Lappegard, Peng Li, Pekka Martikainen, Karel Neels, Bernhard Riederer, Saskia te Riele, Laura Szabó, Alessandra Trimarchi, Francisco Viciana, Ben Wilson, Mikko Myrskylä
Abstrakt

Educational differences in female cohort fertility vary strongly across high-income countries and over time, but knowledge about how educational fertility differentials play out at the sub-national regional level is limited. Examining these sub-national regional patterns might improve our understanding of national patterns, as regionally varying contextual conditions may affect fertility. This study provides for the first time for a large number of European countries a comprehensive account of educational differences in the cohort fertility rate (CFR) at the sub-national regional level. We harmonise data from population registers, censuses, and large-sample surveys for 15 countries to measure women's completed fertility by educational level and region of residence at the end of the reproductive lifespan. In order to explore associations between educational differences in CFRs and levels of economic development, we link our data to regional GDP per capita. Empirical Bayesian estimation is used to reduce uncertainty in the regional fertility estimates. We document an overall negative gradient between the CFR and level of education, and notable regional variation in the gradient. The steepness of the gradient is inversely related to the economic development level. It is steepest in the least developed regions and close to zero in the most developed regions. This tendency is observed within countries as well as across all regions of all countries. Our findings underline the variability of educational gradients in women's fertility, suggest that higher levels of development may be associated with less negative gradients, and call for more in-depth sub-national-level fertility analyses by education.

Organisation(en)
Institut für Soziologie
Externe Organisation(en)
Max-Planck-Institut für demografische Forschung, Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung, Stockholm University, Statistics Norway, University of Helsinki, University of Antwerp, Statistics Netherlands, Hungarian Demographic Research Institute, Institute of Statistics and Cartography of Andalusia, London School of Economics and Political Science, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften (ÖAW)
Journal
European Journal of Population
Band
37
Seiten
263-295
Anzahl der Seiten
33
ISSN
0168-6577
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10680-020-09562-0
Publikationsdatum
2020
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
504006 Demographie, 504011 Familienforschung
Schlagwörter
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Demography
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/educational-differences-in-cohort-fertility-across-subnational-regions-in-europe(df3135fa-06e2-48b8-8743-3530b0a3adf8).html