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Current third-party funded projects at the Department of Sociology

Title / Duration / Project Leader

Vienna in Transition. (Dis-)Continuities of Urban Change in a European City / 2018-2021 / Yuri Kazepov

ACCESS – Supporting digital literacy and appropriation of ICT by older people / 2018-2021 / Franz Kolland

Families and inequality: Trends in the education gap in family behaviour across Europe (FATE) / 2018-2021 / Caroline Berghammer

COHSMO - Inequality, urbanization and Territorial Cohesion: Developing the European Social Model of economic growth and democratic capacity / 2017-2021 / Yuri Kazepov

BALANCE - Balancing climate and social housing policies in the transformation to a low carbon society: Designing integrated policy mixes for Austria / 2018-2020 / Yuri Kazepov

ICT-enabled boundaryless work / 2017-2020 / Jörg Flecker

Quality of Life in a growing City / 2017-2020 / Roland Verwiebe

Alfred Schütz and the Viennese Circles: Towards the communicative arrangement of incompatible knowledge / 2017-2019 / Michaela Pfadenhauer, Tilo Grenz

SMILE - Exploring Divorce with Illustrations / 2017-2019 / Ulrike Zartler

Moral Courage 2.0: Mechanisms and effects of morally courageous interventions of teenagers dealing with perceived violence on the Internet / 2017-2019 / Ulrike Zartler

Post-War Diasporas - Cosmopolitan Nationalism? / 2016-2020 / Ana Mijić

Solidarity in times of crisis - Socio-economic change and political orientations in Austria and Hungary (SOCRIS) / 2016-2019 / Jörg Flecker

YOUNG_ADULLLT – Policies Supporting Young Adults in their Life Course. A Comparative Perspective of Lifelong Learning and Inclusion in Education and Work in Europe / 2016-2019 / Yuri Kazepov

Entertainment by Training on a Personalized Exergame Platform (ENTERTRAIN) / 2016-2019 / Franz Kolland

Labor Market Integration of Refugees in Austria – A Longitudinal Analysis / 2016-2019 / Roland Verwiebe

ICARuS* - Informal CARer Situation / 2017-2018 / Franz Kolland, Ulrike Zartler

‘To a Healthy Neighbourhood‘ – with focus on senior citizens / 2015-2018 / Franz Kolland

Barriers to older people’s access to cultural education – ‘Mainstreaming Ageing‘ in the cultural sector / 2016 - 2018 / Franz Kolland

TRANSWEL: Mobile Welfare in a Transnational Europe. An Analysis of Portability Regimes of Social Security Rights / 2015-2018 / Elisabeth Scheibelhofer

Provision of on-request reporting services – Network of Correspondents – Austria / 2014-2018 / Jörg Flecker

First Austrian Film-Gender-Report 2012-2016 / 2017 / Eva Flicker

Forming Values: Contents - Places - Processes / 2015-2017 / Roland Verwiebe

Vulnerability of and adaption strategies for migrant groups in urban heat environments (EthniCityHeat) / 2014-2017 / Franz Kolland

DIVERCITIES “Governing Urban Diversity: Creating Social Cohesion, Social Mobility and Economic Performance in Today's Hyperdiversified Cities” / 2013-2017 / Yuri Kazepov

Early Retirement and Well-being in Europe: A secondary analysis based on SHARE and ELSA / 2011-2014 / Ulrike Waginger

Title / Duration / Project Leader

Duration: Jahr-Jahr


Contact person: Projektleiter (inkl. Link), ...

Vienna in Transition. (Dis-)Continuities of Urban Change in a European City
Duration: 2018-2021
Funding: FWF

The model of a “European City” associating social cohesion, quality of life and economic competitiveness has come under increasing pressures over the last years. Among other forces, the post-industrial transition, socio-demographic shifts and globalization have fostered the emergence of new challenges for urban centers across Europe; yet simultaneously welfare rescaling has led local institutions to the forefront of contemporary social policy. In this regard, systematic empirical analyses of the shifts in urban and welfare policies focusing on the local sphere within multi-level governance systems have remained scarce. It is for this purpose that this project investigates the role of structural factors, path dependencies and governance arrangements in shaping the capacity of local institutions to deal with new social needs and challenges.

Within this broader picture, Vienna – with its long history of socially inclusive urban development – appears as highly representative of the European City Model. However, under the influence of the financial crisis, austerity policies and social cohesion challenges due to migration, the city might be orienting its policies along economic imperatives. By studying the changes since 1990, this project focuses on four key areas: the labour market, the accessibility and affordability of housing, political participation and environmental justice. These areas will be analyzed through a mixed-method approach considering the dimensions of distribution, recognition, representation and sustainability will lead the project to:

  1. Contribute to the debates about the specificity of the European City Model;
  2. Provide evidence on local social policy making embedded in complex multi-level governance arrangements;
  3. Allow to identify the virtues and barriers of local social policies in key policy areas for social cohesion.

Contact person: Yuri Kazepov

ACCESS – Supporting digital literacy and appropriation of ICT by older people
Duration: 2018-2021
Funding: JPI “More Years, Better Lives”

igital media and new technologies can support older persons' wellbeing and enrich their every-day lives. However, seniors face a multitude of obstacles and hindrances when taking on these modern technologies. ACCESS explores, implements and evaluates new modes of socially embedded learning opportunities for older persons with low technical skills in order to enable them to gain experiences and sustainable knowledge and skills regarding modern technology and find meaningful ways for its everyday use. To achieve this, different learning settings (i.a. formal and informal) will be examined and further developed in combination with different forms of learning (courses, senior-to-senior, negotiation spaces) as new learning opportunities. Furthermore, a stationary as well as a mobile demo kit of assistive technologies will be assembled accompanied by a training concept for learning providers and organisations to spark discourse and provide opportunities for improvement on the technological side.

Contact persons: Franz Kolland, Vera Gallistl

Families and inequality: Trends in the education gap in family behaviour across Europe (FATE)
Duration: 2018-2021
Funding: FWF Elise Richter Programme

The FATE project investigates how family behaviour varies by education and how this educational gap has changed over the last decades. We specifically look at three kinds of family behaviours: (1) living arrangements, (2) parents’ time spent with childcare and (3) parents’ employment. Based on data from various surveys, the FATE project draws a comparison between many European countries.

Project website

Contact person: Caroline Berghammer

COHSMO - Inequality, urbanization and Territorial Cohesion: Developing the European Social Model of economic growth and democratic capacity
Duration: 2017-2021
Funding: European Union - Horizon 2020

The way that public, private and civil society stakeholders counter or cushion spatial injustice varies across localities in Europe. In common, is the need to develop the institutional capacities for place-based collaboration and to democratically mobilize communities for policy development and adaptation. The principal aim of COHSMO is to investigate the relation between socio-economic structures of inequality, urbanization and territorial cohesion, and how territorial cohesion at different European scales affect economic growth, spatial justice and democratic capacities. Although location and place have gained attention in European policy and the theoretical thinking informing regional development policies, COHSMO proposes a change of orientation in the direction of making place-informed theories and policies instead of applying existing theories and policies on places. This will be done by providing a cross-case analysis and assessment of territorial cohesion within three different cases in each of the seven national partner contexts based on a mixed-method and locality sensitive approach.

The project aims at providing policy recommendations in relation to sustainable economic growth, spatial justice and democratic capacity, in order to contribute to the development of the European Social Model. Its research objectives are:

  • Understanding the relationship between policy instruments and local experiences of territorial cohesion.
  • Analysing how “social investment strategies” relate to territorial cohesion and local conditions.
  • Assessing spatial development policies at different governance scales to map the impact of different policy instruments in the fight against spatial inequality and spatial injustice.

COHSMO is an EU-funded comparative and mixed methods research project with 7 partner institutions in 7 EU member states.

Contact person: Yuri Kazepov

BALANCE - Balancing climate and social housing policies in the transformation to a low carbon society: Designing integrated policy mixes for Austria
Duration: 2018-2020
Funding: Austrian Climate and Energy Fund

Austria’s low carbon transformation needs to reach climate targets without negatively impacting the social agenda. BALANCE designs policy mixes in the domain of housing which reconcile climate and social policy measures. In an iterative process, secondary socio-economic data and household surveys serve to assess current policies, while economic modelling and choice experiments help to assess future policy mixes. A stakeholder assisted synthesis validates and refines the findings from the empirical policy assessments.

Contact person: Yuri Kazepov

ICT-enabled boundaryless work
Duration: 2017-2020
Funding:Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW)

Our world of work is constantly changing. The transformation from an industrial society to a service society is closely linked to developments in the area of information and communication technology (ICT) and has far-reaching implications for individuals: Life gets faster, more flexible and more complex. The use of ICT allows us to complete tasks when and where we like – especially in knowledge and office work. Mechanisms of acceleration and flexibilisation lead to the blurring of boundaries (dissolving boundaries) between gainful employment and private areas of life, such as family and household.

This research project is an interdisciplinary cooperation between the Work and Organisational Psychology group and the Occupational Sociology group at the University of Vienna. It aims at investigating the influence of ICT-based flexible working on identity development, self-control, well-being and relaxation, as well as on the employee’s household organisation (including family responsibilities, such as childcare) in the dimensions of time, space, effort and cooperation. In addition, it explores the resources and skills that employees who work flexibly need or should acquire to experience their life as organised and controllable in general. The project takes into account employees working under different flexible working conditions and crowd workers, who experience the dissolution of boundaries in its extreme form, and compares these employees.

Project website (in German)

Contact persons: Jörg Flecker, Domink Klaus, Benjamin Herr

Quality of Life in a growing City
Duration: 2017-2020
Funding: City of Vienna

This project encompasses a large empirical study on the living conditions in Vienna. The planned survey comprises interviews with more than 8000 people in Vienna. This study will be conducted for the fifth time and allows for extensive analysis in regard to various aspects of living conditions of different population groups in Vienna and systematic analyses on social change in the city over an almost 25 year period.

In addition to a detailed analysis of the year 2018, the project provides information about changes between survey waves (1995 until 2018). Important topics of the project are:

  • quality of life and subjective wellbeing
  • urban development, infrastructure and traffic
  • habitation and living environment
  • health and care
  • social integration
  • culture, leisure time and sport
  • compatibility of family and work life
  • environmental protection
  • satisfaction with work, labour market integration and economic development

Contact persons: Roland Verwiebe, Raimund Haindorfer, Christina Liebhart

Alfred Schütz and the Viennese Circles: Towards the communicative arrangement of incompatible knowledge
Duration: 2017-2019
Funding: Fritz Thyssen Stiftung für Wissenschaftsförderung

At the turn of the 20th century Vienna was one of the most vibrant intellectual centers, although intellectuals and scholars had to deal with unique structural problems, the most important of which are the dense concentration of scientists caused by the collapse of the Habsburg monarchy, the growing political tension between conservative and liberal wings, and the systematic academic marginalization of Jewish intellectuals as well as women at the University of Vienna. Discussion circles that flourished outside or at the margins of the University, e.g. the world-famous “Vienna circle”, grew significantly in importance. A historically unique thought style was what distinguished these circles: Contradictory terms, methods and theories that were unusual or even displaced within academia could get into contact and were related in different or even unorthodox ways.

Making him a prototypic figure of that time, Alfred Schütz participated actively in Ludwig von Mises’ “private seminar” and also attended the “Geistkreis” founded by Herbert Furth and Friedrich August von Hayek as well as the “private seminar” of Hans Kelsen. Written in 1932, his book “Der sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt” testifies the specific thought style within the above-mentioned circles. It provided a theoretical argumentation that combined philosophical and social sciences positions that were deemed to be incompatible by then.

Using the example of Schütz, the research project focuses on the specific cultures of knowledge production to be found within the circles, especially the way contradictory scientific positions were handled against the background of a significant professional and theoretical heterogeneity. In order to conceptualize these complicated networks of persons and ideas, the circles will be analyzed and further developed as Communicative Knowledge Cultures. Such a systematic cultural approach is undertaken for the first time. Personal testimonials of the circle-members and -observers as well as archive material which provides evidence to the circles serve as main data sources in order to shed light on the focus under question.

Contact person: Michaela Pfadenhauer, Tilo Grenz

SMILE - Exploring Divorce with Illustrations
Duration: 2017-2019
Funding: Sparkling Science (BMWFW)

Today, children are often confronted with parental separation, be it in their own families or in those of friends or classmates. While processes within the family were intensively investigated, influence factors outside the family are disregarded. However, we have very limited knowledge about how primary school children communicate about divorce in their peer groups, which (mis-)information and which concepts about divorce-related legal regulations they exchange. Yet, misconceptions and exaggerated ideas may result in uncertainties.

The study SMILE investigates together with 8- to 10-year-old children their concepts and communication about parental separation by adopting a participative and innovative methodical approach: Concept cartoons – illustrations showing everyday situations and different characters’ viewpoints – will be adopted for use in social sciences for the first time, to create narrations by using visual stimuli. The study is not primarily interested in investigating what children think about their own parents’ divorce, as numerous studies have done, but includes all classmates.

Based on a most different cases design, research will be conducted in an urban and a rural Austrian research area, with the highest and the lowest Austrian-wide divorce rate (Vienna and Tyrol). The children are involved in the entire research process (development of concept cartoons, discussions in group settings, dissemination). Jointly produced information leaflets and teaching materials, together with the public and scientific dissemination ensure knowledge transfer and sustainable impact. The study further includes discussions with parents, grandparents and teachers and the final conference ‘SMILE goes public’.

WEB: project website | Sparkling Science

Contact person: Ulrike Zartler, Raphaela Kogler, Marlies Zuccato-Doutlik

Moral Courage 2.0: Mechanisms and effects of morally courageous interventions of teenagers dealing with perceived violence on the Internet
Duration: 2017-2019
Funding: FFG (KIRAS)

Young people are particularly often victims of severe actively exercised violence on the Internet such as cyberbullying (e.g. insulting postings, racist or salacious offenses, extortion or importunating with pornographic contents), confrontation with shocking videos (e.g. showing realistic executions), improper usage of Facebook accounts, compilation of fake profiles or threats of physical violence or death. Such attacks happen, for example, in social networks, on photo or video platforms, in chats or via instant messaging. They may even be more severe than those in real life as the virtual distance and anonymity lead to an increasing disinhibition of the perpetrators who often do not even realize the emotional consequences for the victim. It is particularly distressing for cyber victims that such attacks are exhibited in front of a larger uncontrolled and uninvolved audience (online bystanders) – although especially this virtual public has a high potential for intervention.

The project Moral Courage 2.0 therefore focuses on the high preventive potential of juvenile online bystanders, which by now has been hardly considered in security research. The main aim of the research project is to contribute to essential basic research by identifying underlying factors, mechanisms and effects, which support or inhibit the moral courage of young people in online contexts. Furthermore, the project aims at sustainably encouraging juveniles for moral courage on the Internet by developing an adequate repertoire of interventions for young people and conceptualising comprehensive information and training measures. This is done in collaboration with the project partners (see below).

The study starts with an exploratory phase with the aim to identify typical scenarios of moral courage by juveniles in online contexts. Regarding methods, focus groups with young persons and expert interviews will be used. Furthermore, we examine the conditions of moral courage and appropriate models for action. With a quantitative vignette study among young people aged 14 to 18, relevant conditions and possible courses of action are systematically analysed with the help of hypothetically constructed variations of scenarios of moral courage in the social web. Based on the empirical results, moral courage training concepts, targeted information offers (online or otherwise), as well as teaching opportunities for juveniles and professional youth workers will be developed in cooperation with the project partners.

Project partners:
ÖIAT - Österreichisches Institut für angewandte Telekommunikation / saferinternet.at
MKÖ -Mauthausen Komitee Österreich / www.zivilcourage.at
KPH - Kirchliche Pädagogische Hochschule Wien/Krems
BM.I – Bundeskriminalamt, Büro 1.6 Kriminalprävention und Opferhilfe

Contact persons: Ulrike Zartler, Christiane Atzmüller

Post-War Diasporas - Cosmopolitan Nationalism?
Duration: 2016-2020
Funding: Hertha-Firnberg Forschungsstelle, FWF

The research project—theoretically based within the sociology of knowledge—focuses on an (objective) hermeneutical analysis of identity constructions of Bosnian diasporas living in Austria. It is to be expected that the self-images of Bosnians, whether or not they are living in their country of origin, are still highly influenced by the direct or indirect experience of war. Thus, in contrast with the Bosnians living in Bosnia, the Bosnian emigrants’ identities are presumably also affected by the experience of migration and the experience of life in minority settings. Wartime, post-war and migration constitute a very particular context, within which the Bosnian diasporas have to maintain a positive self-image and (re-)construct their identities.

Contact person: Ana Mijić

Solidarity in times of crisis - Socio-economic change and political orientations in Austria and Hungary (SOCRIS)
Duration: 2016-2019
Funding: Austrian Science Fund (FWF): I 2698-G27

The recent economic crisis has severely affected the living and working conditions of citizens all over Europe, leading to high levels of insecurity and declining trust in public institutions. The project aims at investigating the impact of the intensified socio-economic change following the recent economic crisis on political orientations. How did working and living conditions changed after the crisis? How do individuals perceive changes in society in recent years? How do those changes affect individual perceptions, social cohesion and political orientations?

The project will focus on the symbolic struggles between different formations of solidarity. It is assumed that solidarity, social cohesion and the question who should be supported are dynamic configurations with a continuous struggle over the boundaries of the solidarity community.

The project will focus on Austria and Hungary which provide the unique opportunity to investigate two countries with similar political developments, yet affected by the crisis very differently. Using methodological triangulation of quantitative and qualitative data SOCRIS will provide a deeper understanding of the complex relationships between societal change and political subjectivity.

Partner institutions:
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Forschungs- und Beratungsstelle Arbeitswelt (FORBA)

Scientific advisory board:
Dr. Gudrun Hentges (Fulda University, Germany)
Dr. Hans de Witte (K.U. Leuven, Belgium)
Dr. Manuela Caiani (Scuola Normale Superiore Pisa, Italy)
Dr. Dietmar Loch (University of Lille, France)

Contact persons: Jörg Flecker, Carina Altreiter, Saskja Schindler

Website: www.socris-project.com

YOUNG_ADULLLT – Policies Supporting Young Adults in their Life Course. A Comparative Perspective of Lifelong Learning and Inclusion in Education and Work in Europe
Duration: 2016-2019
Funding: European Union – Horizon 2020

YOUNG_ADULLLT is an EU-funded comparative and mixed methods research project with 15 partner institutions in 9 EU member states.

Current Lifelong Learning (LLL) policies for young adults in Europe aim both at creating economic growth and, at the same time, guaranteeing social inclusion. However, their distinct orientations and objectives as well as varying temporal horizons may create or exacerbate conflicts and ambiguities thus causing fragmentation, ineffectiveness and/or unintended effects for young people. YOUNG_ADULLLT aims at analyzing the interaction and complementarity of LLL policies and policy-making with other sectorial policies as well as understanding the different ways in which LLL policies are socially embedded in specific regional and local contexts across Europe.

The project focuses on the interplay of three different analytical levels and perspectives – the individual, the structural level and the institutional level. Its research objectives are:

  • Understanding the relationship and complementarity between LLL policies and young people’s social conditions and assessing their potential implications and intended/unintended effects on young adults’ life courses.
  • Analysing LLL policies in terms of young adults’ needs as well as their potential for successfully recognising and mobilising the hidden resources of young adults for their life projects.
  • Researching LLL policies in their embeddedness in regional economies, labour markets and individual life projects of young adults.
  • Identifying best practices and patterns of coordinating policy-making at local and regional levels. 

Website: http://www.young-adulllt.eu/

Contact person: Yuri Kazepov

Entertainment by Training on a Personalized Exergame Platform (ENTERTRAIN)
Consortium project
Duration: 2016 – 2019
Funding: AAL-Joint Programme (EU)

The objective of EnterTrain is given by its name: enhancing the health and quality of life of independently living older adults by motivating them for physical training in an entertaining way. It is known that physical activity is important for older adults at any age and health status, from a healthy 50-year-old up to a frail 80-year-old. It can enhance the quality of life by reducing risks of some chronic diseases and relieve depression.
A popular solution for enhancing the physical activity of older adults is to provide them with computer games which are played via body movement and thus have the inherent effect of unobtrusive physical exercise: so-called exergames (Kharrazi, Lu, Gharghabi, & Coleman, 2012).
These games are based on common sensors that track the user’s movement and can therefore easily be played at home. The core idea of exergames is that they persuade older adults to exercise more simply because it is fun to play.
EnterTrain aims to enhance the quality of life of older adults ranging from a healthy 65-year-old up to a frail 80-year old. To respond to this heterogeneity, EnterTrain follows two strategies: first, personalization of the software and second, involvement of different groups of end-users.As EnterTrain targets physical activity, health and frailty are crucial distinguishing features of end-users.
While older adults themselves are the primary end-users, two important groups of secondary end-users can be defined: a) formal and informal care-givers and b) (grand-) children. While formal and informal care-givers play a major role in providing access to frail older adults in fourth age, who are a particularly hard-to-reach target group, (grand-)children can motivate older adults in third age to play on the EnterTrain platform and thus raise acceptance. Finally, NGOs in the field of care form the group of tertiary end-users also involved in the project consortium (NFE).

End-user involvement in the EnterTrain project comprises:

- a user requirement analysis among primary and secondary end-users
- through an Advanced Advisory Board (AAB) that guides the research process with their expertise in the life worlds and needs of older adults
-  a two-phase pilot application: In phase 1, four lead users (in both life stages) will test the platform for two months. Phase 2 comprises an experimental design in which 40 primary-end users test the platform for 12 months. Acceptance, usability and impact are measured continuously throughout this time by quantitative socio-empiric methods.

Contact persons: Franz Kolland, Anna Wanka, Viktoria Quehenberger

Labor Market Integration of Refugees in Austria – A Longitudinal Analysis
Duration: 2016-2019
Funding: Anniversary Fund of the Austrian National Bank

This project was established as a cooperation between the Department of Sociology and the Department of Economic Sociology. In 2015 Austria belonged to a group of EU countries (including Sweden, Hungary and Germany) which received the largest number of refugees in relation to its population size. One urgent concern is the facilitation of these migrants’ economic self-sufficiency by integrating them into the labor market. Successful labor market integration depends largely on formal requirements, most notably recognized qualifications and language proficiency, but also on the extent of integration into other areas of society, including the integration into social networks or the identification with Austrian norms and values. This is the starting point for the present project which investigates the labor market integration of refugees and the interrelation of economic, social, and cultural integration using an online panel study with four waves. This will be combined with a number of expert interviews and problem-centered interviews among newly arrived refugees.

Contact persons: Roland Verwiebe, Bernhard Kittel, Raimund Haindorfer, David Schiestl, Christina Liebhart

ICARuS* - Informal CARer Situation
A cooperation project between the Department of Nursing Science and the Department of Sociology
Duration: 2017-2018
Funding: Bundesministerium für Arbeit, Soziales und Konsumentenschutz

As soon as somebody is in need of care, it's still most often their family taking on the responsibility. Care provided by a family member is a special kind which relies upon mutuality, emotionality and existing social ties between the individuals involved. Family-based care not only concerns the affected families but also society as a whole, as has a dominant role in how care is provided to people in need. Thus family-based care has evoked the interest of politics, the science community and different welfare state institutions. The last Austrian assessment study of family members conducting care was done in 2005. This study aims to again shed some light on those persons. The main goal of this study is to give insights on the living and care conditions of those providing care to a family member. The main focus is on the home-based setting but some institutional settings will be assessed as well. The final outcome should be to devise support measures for affected persons in Austria based upon the results of this study. Methodologically, the study is a) based on a quantitative-descriptive procedure (questionnaire). This will describe the situation of caring relatives, based on a randomized sample of care-money receivers and caregivers in Austria. And b) on a qualitative-interpretative approach using qualitative interviews) for an in-depth look at the affected perspective of caring families in different contexts and under different family conditions.

Webpage of the department of Nursing Science

Contact person: Franz Kolland, Ulrike Zartler, Marc Bittner, Viktoria Parisot

‘To a Healthy Neighbourhood‘ – with focus on senior citizens
Duration: 2015- 2018
Funding: Fonds Gesundes Österreich (FGÖ)

The University of Vienna has been commissioned by the Fund for a Healthy Austria (FGÖ) to evaluate five practice projects under the ‘Healthy Neighbourhood’ initiative. The projects focus on health-promoting neighbourhood activities in communities and neighbourhoods, on the involvement of socially disadvantaged population groups in neighbourhoods, and on the networking of actors. The project team at the University of Vienna will focus on evaluating social participation and support for older people.

The target group for the evaluation by the research team are senior citizens, sponsors of the selected projects (for instance AVOS, ARGE Seniorenmobil, FH Burgenland), project implementing bodies in the supporting organisations, decision-makers, local groups and multipliers in the municipal setting.

The evaluation design follows a mixed-method approach in which both quantitative and qualitative data are gathered, evaluated and linked with each other. In addition to qualitative interviews, participant observations of project activities are also to take place, a quantitative survey among participating senior citizens will be carried out and focus group discussions will be held.

Cooperation partners: queraum. kultur- und sozialforschung, Hilfswerk Burgenland and Volkshilfe Burgenland, Waldviertler Kernland and NÖ.Regional.GmbH, AVOS Gesellschaft für Vorsorgemedizin GmbH and Hilfswerk Salzburg, Verein Illusions and Frauengesundheitszentrum Graz, Wiener Hilfswerk and Wiener Sozialdienste

Web: http://www.gesunde-nachbarschaft.at/

Contact persons: Franz Kolland, Katharina Resch, Anna Wanka, Anna Fassl, Julia Pintsuk-Christof

Barriers to older people’s access to cultural education – ‘Mainstreaming Ageing‘ in the cultural sector
Consortium project
Duration: 2016 - 2018
Funding: Anniversary Fund of the Austrian National Bank

Demographic change is making the learning and educational opportunities for the elderly increasingly important, especially the aspect of cultural education which, in this process, gains international importance. Therefore, mission statements of organisations increasingly include diversity concepts and declarations regarding the inclusion of and equality for the elderly. Against a backdrop of the fundamental right to education and cultural participation, this study examines, at multiple levels, how is such access regulated and if, or how, the elderly are at a disadvantage. On the socio-structural level, the question arises as to which factors lead to a social disadvantage. It is a matter of interaction between socio-structural disadvantages and disadvantages arising in connection with changing governance arrangements and constellations in educational and cultural institutions. What approaches, concepts and organisational cultures lead to exclusion and which are necessary for greater participation of the elderly in cultural education? The study will investigate the potentials of cultural education in terms of the development of specific competencies for successful and active ageing, and will examine the extent to which the provisions on the organisation level are reproduced and solidified by age images. For this purpose, we will use research findings from the educational sociology and from gerontology culture and the approaches to governance and governmentality research. On the basis of the results, a toolkit will be created in combination with appropriate literature that will support the successful implementation of Mainstreaming Ageing in cultural institutions and age-sensitive approaches in cultural education.

Contact persons: Franz Kolland, Anna Wanka, Vera Gallistl

TRANSWEL: Mobile Welfare in a Transnational Europe. An Analysis of Portability Regimes of Social Security Rights
Duration: 2015-2018
Funding: Norface

This 4-country, comparative, and interdisciplinary project addresses one of the most important and controversial issues in the European Union today: the social rights of EU citizens from the new EU member states who move to live and/or work in old member state.
Empirically, the project traces the migration of regularly and irregularly employed migrants and their family members, and their social security rights between four pairs of countries: Hungary-Austria, Bulgaria-Germany, Poland-United Kingdom and Estonia-Sweden. It assesses what the social and welfare rights of mobile citizens are in policy and in practice; how mobile EU citizens experience, organise and manage their welfare transnationally; and what the consequences are, for the patterning of inequality among EU citizens.
Conceptually, the project brings together work on transnational migration, and on the portability of social security rights across national borders (with portability being defined as the ability to transfer and convert the social security rights), in order to develop a typology of transnational portability regimes, drawing on the comparative analysis in each paired case.
There are four teams of researchers, based in, respectively, the Universities of Frankfurt am Main (Anna Amelina, overall project lead); Vienna (lead: Elisabeth Scheibelhofer); Södertörn (lead: Ann Runfors); and Bath (lead: Emma Carmel).

WEB: www.transwel.org

Contact person: Elisabeth Scheibelhofer

Provision of on-request reporting services – Network of Correspondents – Austria
Duration: 2014 – 2018
Funding: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound)

As European Union Agency, Eurofound provides expertise and advice on living and working conditions and industrial relations for stakeholders and key actors in the European Union. Correspondents in all of the member states (and Norway) provide inputs on different topics and national developments in the area of labour market policies, working conditions or social inequality. This information provides the necessary background for pan-European comparative analysis.
In Austria, the University of Vienna, Department of Sociology, together with FORBA (Forschungs- und Beratungsstelle Arbeit), is responsible for national reporting. The Department of Sociology is reporting to the European restructuring events database but also provides on-request comparative analytical reports. 

Contact persons: Carina AltreiterJörg Flecker

First Austrian Film-Gender-Report 2012-2016
Duration: 2017
Funding: Austrian Film Institute (Österreichisches Filminstitut), The Arts and Culture Division of the Federal Chancellery of Austria (Bundeskanzleramt Sektion II: Kunst und Kultur)

Gender and gender relations are a big topic in both the work environment and its representation in the media. In the Austrian film industry, too, there seems to be an imbalance between genders in front and behind the camera. So far, this has not been systematically analyzed.
The goal of the research project for the First Austrian Film-Gender-Report is to create a report that captures and analyzes the gender relations in the creation of Austrian Film between 1.1.2012 and 31.12.2016. We collect mostly quantitative data on film projects, starting with their application for funding at Austrian funding bodies up to their cinematic release. For this, we analyse data from the following areas:

  • funding bodies (with their various funding frameworks from project development to cinematic release)
  • broadcaster (funding and/or programming of TV stations)
  • film schools (students, alumni and teachers)
  • active creators of films (by departments; including their payments)
  • participation in national and international film festivals and prizes
  • content (main and supporting roles; Bechdel-Wallace-Test; genres)

The report is supposed to be the first in an annual series of reports and should be used:

  • to raise awareness for gender imbalances and transparency for gendered effects
  • as basis for the effective implementation of measures to decrease imparities and increase equality between genders
  • as an evaluation tool of those measures in the future.

The first issue is planned to be completed in fall 2017. Starting with 2018, an Annual Report Special is planned to supplement on gender images and gender roles on screen with exemplary qualitative studies.

Project Partnerships:

  • Austrian Film Institute (Österreichisches Filminstitut)
  • The Arts and Culture Division of the Federal Chancellery of Austria (Bundeskanzleramt Sektion II: Kunst und Kultur)
  • Screenwriters Forum Vienna (Drehbuchforum Wien)
  • FC Gloria – Frauen, Vernetzung, Film
  • Film Academy / Insitute for Film and Television of the University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna (Filmakademie / Institut für Film und Fernsehen der Universität für Musik und darstellende Kunst Wien)

Contact persons: Eva Flicker, Lena Lisa Vogelmann

Forming Values: Contents - Places - Processes
Duration: 2015-2017
Funding: Foreign Foundation

This research project examines how values form in pluralistic societies. The project encompasses several empirical steps on a personal, organisational and cross-societal level in the course of which we ask what values are and how they are imparted through organisations. Methodically we combine a range of methods: focus groups, standardised surveys and participatory observations as well as methods of organisation analyses. The focal point of the study is, among others, the conflict between intended and actual contribution of organisations to the imparting of values.

Cooperation: Sylvia Kritzinger, Christian Friesl, Regina Polak, Ulrike Froschauer

WEB: http://www.werteforschung.at/teilprojekte/wertebildung/

Contact persons: Roland Verwiebe, Lena Seewann, Judith Klaiber, Margarita Wolf

Vulnerability of and adaption strategies for migrant groups in urban heat environments (EthniCityHeat)
Duration: 2014-2017
Funding: Österreichischer Klima- und Energiefonds

The project EthniCityHeat aims to reduce the vulnerability of urban residents with migrant background during heat waves and close serious scientific knowledge gaps on this topic. It follows three main objectives:
1) Generation of an empirical knowledge base about heat-related vulnerabilities of persons with migrant backgrounds living in Vienna, their heat perceptions and heat adaption strategies
2) Raising awareness among stakeholders, intermediaries and those affected
3) Reducing vulnerabilites by resorting to existing resources and additional measures on the administrative, medical, social and urban planning levels.
The methodological mixed-methods design follows an interdisciplinary, explorative and participatory approach. Scientific partners from the fields of migration research and sociology, urban and green space planning as well as medical anthropology and public health form the consortium. From a deeply comprehensive exploratory phase, in which case studies of 6 multi-generation-families (partly with migrant background) are generated, in-depth interviews with stakeholders and intermediaries and a medical anthropological exploration of migrants’ heat-related vulnerability are conducted, we generate hypotheses for quantitative testing. Two standardised face-to-face surveys will provide one of the very rare generalizable data sets focusing on migrants. The quantitative data will comprise attitudes towards climate change, awareness and perception of heat stress, adaptive strategies and behaviours andthe role of green spaces for migrants and natives of different generations during hot days. Persons with migrant backgrounds, intermediaries and stakeholders will be actively engaged in all research stages through workshops and a coordination group.
Final product is a „Heat Toolbox“, containing target group specific assistance for organization of heat-related information events and presentation of the project’s results.

University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna Institute of Landscape Development, Recreation and Conservation Planning
Medical University Vienna, Centre of Public Health, Institute for Environmental Health & Unit Ethnomedicine and and International Health

Contact persons: Franz Kolland, Anna Wanka, Laura Wiesböck

Early Retirement and Well-being in Europe: A secondary analysis based on SHARE and ELSA
Duration: 2011 – 2014 at the Institute of Sociology, University of Vienna, and King’s College London, UK.
Funding: FLARE (Future Leaders of Ageing Research) postdoctoral fellowship of the European Research Area in Ageing 2 programme (ERA AGE2), funded by the Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW).

Ageing actively was frequently suggested to support health and well-being of older people. Very high early retirement rates in some European countries, such as Austria, raise the question, how these large number of young old cope with their (forced or chosen) inactivity from productive life healthwise, and whether engagement in voluntary activities, minor productive work or family life helps coping with the new situation. The current study aims to 1) shed light on the relationship between early retirement and wellbeing including physical and mental health, quality of life and life satisfaction and to 2) investigate the actual effect of early retirement on the well-being of the early retired.

The study is based on two large European surveys, namely the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) and includes 12 European countries and with over 20,000 participants. As well-being after early retirement may be influenced by a number of factors, it is taken into account, whether early retirement was chosen or forced, whether poor health was the reason for early retirement and whether participants engaged in voluntary, charity or minor productive activities in their retirement. Additionally, key socio-economic influences of the well-being of early retirees, such as family structure, income, wealth, social class, occupational level and education, as well as gender and age will be taken into account. Results will be compared by country. Finally, a policy review of the countries included will assess differences in policy strategies and will discuss their impact on national early retirement rates.

Contact person: Ulrike Waginger

Department of Sociology
University of Vienna
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