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Ao. Univ.-Prof. Dr. Franz Kolland

Address: A-1090 Vienna, Rooseveltplatz 2
Room: 303
Phone: +43 (1) 4277-48123
efax: +43 (1) 4277-848123
email: franz.kolland@univie.ac.at
Office hours: Thur. 15:00-16:00 (for appointments please send an email)

Research interests:

  • Social gerontology (education in old age, culture of ageing, lifestyles, the use of new technologies)
  • Sociology of education (study behaviour and progress)
  • Sociology of developing countries (tourism)

Research projects:

Entertainment by Training on a Personalized Exergame Platform (ENTERTRAIN)
Duration: 2016 – 2019
Funding: AAL-Joint Programme (EU)

The objective of EnterTrain is given by its name: enhancing the health and quality of life of independently living older adults by motivating them for physical training in an entertaining way. It is known that physical activity is important for older adults at any age and health status, from a healthy 50-year-old up to a frail 80-year-old. It can enhance the quality of life by reducing risks of some chronic diseases and relieve depression.
A popular solution for enhancing the physical activity of older adults is to provide them with computer games which are played via body movement and thus have the inherent effect of unobtrusive physical exercise: so-called exergames (Kharrazi, Lu, Gharghabi, & Coleman, 2012).
These games are based on common sensors that track the user’s movement and can therefore easily be played at home. The core idea of exergames is that they persuade older adults to exercise more simply because it is fun to play.
EnterTrain aims to enhance the quality of life of older adults ranging from a healthy 65-year-old up to a frail 80-year old. To respond to this heterogeneity, EnterTrain follows two strategies: first, personalization of the software and second, involvement of different groups of end-users.As EnterTrain targets physical activity, health and frailty are crucial distinguishing features of end-users.
While older adults themselves are the primary end-users, two important groups of secondary end-users can be defined: a) formal and informal care-givers and b) (grand-) children. While formal and informal care-givers play a major role in providing access to frail older adults in fourth age, who are a particularly hard-to-reach target group, (grand-)children can motivate older adults in third age to play on the EnterTrain platform and thus raise acceptance. Finally, NGOs in the field of care form the group of tertiary end-users also involved in the project consortium (NFE).

End-user involvement in the EnterTrain project comprises:

- a user requirement analysis among primary and secondary end-users
- through an Advanced Advisory Board (AAB) that guides the research process with their expertise in the life worlds and needs of older adults
-  a two-phase pilot application: In phase 1, four lead users (in both life stages) will test the platform for two months. Phase 2 comprises an experimental design in which 40 primary-end users test the platform for 12 months. Acceptance, usability and impact are measured continuously throughout this time by quantitative socio-empiric methods.

Consortium lead: Franz Kolland, Department of Sociology, University of Vienna
Co-workers: Anna Wanka, Viktoria Quehenberger

‘To a Healthy Neighbourhood‘ – with focus on senior citizens
Duration: 2015- 2018
Funding: Fonds Gesundes Österreich (FGÖ)

The University of Vienna has been commissioned by the Fund for a Healthy Austria (FGÖ) to evaluate five practice projects under the ‘Healthy Neighbourhood’ initiative. The projects focus on health-promoting neighbourhood activities in communities and neighbourhoods, on the involvement of socially disadvantaged population groups in neighbourhoods, and on the networking of actors. The project team at the University of Vienna will focus on evaluating social participation and support for older people.

The target group for the evaluation by the research team are senior citizens, sponsors of the selected projects (for instance AVOS, ARGE Seniorenmobil, FH Burgenland), project implementing bodies in the supporting organisations, decision-makers, local groups and multipliers in the municipal setting.

The evaluation design follows a mixed-method approach in which both quantitative and qualitative data are gathered, evaluated and linked with each other. In addition to qualitative interviews, participant observations of project activities are also to take place, a quantitative survey among participating senior citizens will be carried out and focus group discussions will be held.

Cooperation partners: queraum. kultur- und sozialforschung, Hilfswerk Burgenland and Volkshilfe Burgenland, Waldviertler Kernland and NÖ.Regional.GmbH, AVOS Gesellschaft für Vorsorgemedizin GmbH and Hilfswerk Salzburg, Verein Illusions and Frauengesundheitszentrum Graz, Wiener Hilfswerk and Wiener Sozialdienste

Web: http://www.gesunde-nachbarschaft.at/

Project management at the Department of Sociology: Franz Kolland
Project management at the Postgraduate Centre: Katharina Resch
Project co-workers: Anna Wanka, Anna Fassl, Julia Pintsuk-Christof

Barriers to older people’s access to cultural education – ‘Mainstreaming Ageing‘ in the cultural sector
Duration: 2016 - 2018
Funding: Anniversary Fund of the Austrian National Bank

Demographic change is making the learning and educational opportunities for the elderly increasingly important, especially the aspect of cultural education which, in this process, gains international importance. Therefore, mission statements of organisations increasingly include diversity concepts and declarations regarding the inclusion of and equality for the elderly. Against a backdrop of the fundamental right to education and cultural participation, this study examines, at multiple levels, how is such access regulated and if, or how, the elderly are at a disadvantage. On the socio-structural level, the question arises as to which factors lead to a social disadvantage. It is a matter of interaction between socio-structural disadvantages and disadvantages arising in connection with changing governance arrangements and constellations in educational and cultural institutions. What approaches, concepts and organisational cultures lead to exclusion and which are necessary for greater participation of the elderly in cultural education? The study will investigate the potentials of cultural education in terms of the development of specific competencies for successful and active ageing, and will examine the extent to which the provisions on the organisation level are reproduced and solidified by age images. For this purpose, we will use research findings from the educational sociology and from gerontology culture and the approaches to governance and governmentality research. On the basis of the results, a toolkit will be created in combination with appropriate literature that will support the successful implementation of Mainstreaming Ageing in cultural institutions and age-sensitive approaches in cultural education.

Consortium participation: Franz Kolland, Department of Sociology (Consortium project)
Co-workers: Anna Wanka, Vera Gallistl

Vulnerability of and adaption strategies for migrant groups in urban heat environments (EthniCityHeat)
Duration: 2014-2017
Funding: Austrian Climate and Energy Fund

The project EthniCityHeat aims to reduce the vulnerability of urban residents with migrant background during heat waves and close serious scientific knowledge gaps on this topic. It follows three main objectives:
1) Generation of an empirical knowledge base about heat-related vulnerabilities of persons with migrant backgrounds living in Vienna, their heat perceptions and heat adaption strategies
2) Raising awareness among stakeholders, intermediaries and those affected
3) Reducing vulnerabilites by resorting to existing resources and additional measures on the administrative, medical, social and urban planning levels.
The methodological mixed-methods design follows an interdisciplinary, explorative and participatory approach. Scientific partners from the fields of migration research and sociology, urban and green space planning as well as medical anthropology and public health form the consortium. From a deeply comprehensive exploratory phase, in which case studies of 6 multi-generation-families (partly with migrant background) are generated, in-depth interviews with stakeholders and intermediaries and a medical anthropological exploration of migrants’ heat-related vulnerability are conducted, we generate hypotheses for quantitative testing. Two standardised face-to-face surveys will provide one of the very rare generalizable data sets focusing on migrants. The quantitative data will comprise attitudes towards climate change, awareness and perception of heat stress, adaptive strategies and behaviours andthe role of green spaces for migrants and natives of different generations during hot days. Persons with migrant backgrounds, intermediaries and stakeholders will be actively engaged in all research stages through workshops and a coordination group.
Final product is a „Heat Toolbox“, containing target group specific assistance for organization of heat-related information events and presentation of the project’s results.

University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna Institute of Landscape Development, Recreation and Conservation Planning
Medical University Vienna, Centre of Public Health, Institute for Environmental Health & Unit Ethnomedicine and and International Health

Contact persons: Franz Kolland, Anna Wanka, Laura Wiesböck

Optimizing the Workplace of ELderly Laborers: BE IN Good health! (WELLBEING)
Consortium-led project
Duration: 2014-2017
Funding: AAL-Joint Programme (EU)

Many older people (55+) spend their workdays sitting. This lack of movement in combination with non-ergonomic workplaces can lead to serious illnesses. In addition, cognitive performance decreases with age whilst stress levels rise, leading to a decreased quality of life of older people through complaints of both physical (e.g. backache) and psychological (e.g. stress) nature.
The WELLBEING project develops a platform that takes into account ergonomic aspects and offers useful tips on physical exercise, nutrition and stress management for a healthier daily life in the workplace. In the process of this, the needs of older people are brought to the foreground. Because older people are active in various industries, the project seeks a common feature which, in this case, are those activities involving long-term sedentary periods. This makes the target group very diverse, including secretaries, engineers, lawyers, etc.  
The modules of the platform use a 3D sensor and a camera to provide feedback and information on unhealthy lifestyles and habits such as posture, poor diet and insufficient water consumption. The fun factor is very important and the readiness to use the platform increases when it is combined with social games. The task is to engage around 500 older workers aged 55 and over as end-users in the project via telephone interviews and usability analyses.

Project partners:
•    CogVis (AT, coordinator)
•    Vienna University of Technology, Computer Vision Lab (AT)
•    AIMC (AT)
•    FitBase (DE)
•    Smart Homes (NL)
•    ISOIN (ES)    

WEB: http://www.wellbeing-project.eu/
Contact persons: Franz Kolland, Sophie Psihoda, Anna Wanka 

24-hour Care Work in Lower Austria
Duration: 2014-2015
Funding: Office of the Lower Austrian Government

Summary:The Austrian House Care Act (HBeG) describes the 24-hour care as consisting in the assistance in housekeeping and in everyday life. In this study, the following research questions were addressed: What is the significance of the 24-hour care in conjunction with other care forms? Does the 24-hour care lead to a reduction in the number of persons in residential care? How can this possible interplay be explained? What is the role of various actors in this form of care (for example, between the supervisor and the person under care, between the placement agency and the placement carrier, between the relatives, doctors, etc.)?
Regarding the methodology, questions were dealt with, on the one hand, based on the register data and, on the other, via qualitative interviews.

Findings of the study:
There is a statistical connection between the 24-hour care and inpatient long-term care, though with considerable differences between the districts. For this form of care, the qualitative survey proves that a gap is closed between mobile services and in-patient care in the sense that the 24-hour care enables patients to stay longer in their own homes. The caregiving relatives, who mostly make decisions regarding this type of care, are simultaneously relieved. What is expected from the carers is the assistance with household services, good knowledge of German, empathy, ability to adapt to the domestic and family situation and trustworthiness. Other issues that were found problematic by persons care for were when placement agencies fail to make an appropriate selection of the carer, when they give too little information, are difficult to reach and have no crisis management in place.

Co-workers: Gudrun Bauer, Christian Bischof, Anja Lerch

Research report

Ubiquitous Information for Seniors' Life (UISEL)
Duration: 2013-2015
Funding: Grundtvig Lifelong Learning Programme

Life expectancy is growing, forming an equally growing need to fully integrate senior citizens in the knowledge and information society where ICT tools play a crucial role. Current exclusion of seniors due to technological illiteracy prevents this growing group from fully exercising their rights, but also prevents the society from benefitting from the ast experience, life-wisdom and know-how of senior citizens. Moreover, with the advent of mobile devices (smartphones and tablets), this problem was aggravated further as more and more information, communication and formal duties were being designed and processed in that context. Info-exclusion in adult citizens aged 50 and above relates partially to some reluctance towards change and, particularly, towards new technologies, but also to the lack of attention given to the specific needs of this target group. This, however, need not be the case. Difficulties experienced by this generation in accessing and using the new ICT tools should not be the excuse for generating inequality and increasing the risk of exclusion. It is necessary to raise awareness and to train the operators that work with senior citizens towards the benefits of using mobile devices. A different approach is needed to ensure that senior citizens know how to use such devices efficiently whether for their personal or societal needs. The aim of this project is to improve the content and quality of training courses for teachers and staff that work with senior citizens regarding the benefits of new technologies and focusing on the use of mobile devices, for instance in regard to fiscal obligations, social security issues, emergency situations, medical monitoring, preventing isolation and even leisure and time occupation.

WEB: http://uisel.eu/de/
Contact persons: Franz Kolland, Anna Wanka, Vera Gallistl

Platform for modular information and collaboration to support independent living of older people (SMARTCAREBASE)
Consortium-led project
Duration: 2013-2015
Funding: Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG)

Maintaining and improving the quality of life of elderly and frail people is, from a certain point, often possible only by carrying out essential home adjustments. These can be very diverse, ranging from security, health and mobility adjustments (e.g. installing fall detectors, stairlifts and handrails, ensuring fire protection, providing telemedicine and wheelchairs) to providing entertainment via TV headsets and communication interfaces. This is a social challenge brought to focus even more by the demographic changes taking place.
Despite pressing needs, there is at present no platform to support elderly and their relatives in the process of necessary adaptations and changes to the home and to provide assistance in dealing with new needs and challenges. This relates in particular to a considerable number of systems, components, standards and providers existing in this area, making it difficult to have a clear overview and make informed decisions. The SmartCareBase project closes this gap by providing an innovative web platform of complementary measures optimally serving existing demands.

Contact persons: Franz Kolland, Anna Wanka, Justyna Zgud 

Cool towns for the elderly – protecting the health of elderly residents against urban heat (STOPHOT)
Duration: 2011-2014
Funding: ACRP 3rd Call. Climate and Energy Fund of the Federal State

Cities have a large and increasing elderly population and a high number of those live in poor housing conditions. Heat periods have impacts on urban residents; in particular, the people above 65 years are suffering from the heat stress. The study goal is the reduction of the vulnerability of the elderly living in cities (Vienna) against urban heat. The study develops short- and long-term preventive measures in an inter- and transdisciplinary manner for the in- and outdoors and on an individual and institutional level. It specifically investigates elderly awareness of heat related health risks, perception of heat stress and adaptive behavior avoiding heat impacts and will identify high-risk groups among them. The empirical study will identify gaps between 1) actual and recommended behavior of old people 2) proposed or existing stakeholder health-related strategies and efficacious measures from the public health view.

Contact persons: Franz Kolland, Arne Arnberger, Hans-Werner Hutter, Anna Wanka

Older workers in retail business
Duration: 2010-2011
Funding: Leiner/Kika

Age structures in companies will change drastically over the coming decades, accompanied by challenges in recruiting, capacity building and creation of CV-corresponding workplaces. This application-oriented study aims to identify branch-specific conditions and measures relating to age-appropriate work in the trade business. In addition to research and evaluation of relevant examples of good practice, as well as expert interviews with recruiters, a standardised survey of people aged 50 and over on the labour market is carried out.

Contact persons: Franz Kolland, Annelies Karlegger

Working longer in geriatric nursing care (LAP)
Duration: 2010-2011
Funding: Jubilee Fund of the Austrian National Bank

In the light of demographic and structural changes on the labour market, employment situation in the geriatric care worsens: demanding workloads, living conditions and orientation towards retirement can lead to early exits of professional nursing staff. The study will identify key points for prolonging successful working lives of older in- and outpatient geriatric nursing staff. Based on operational case studies such as interviews, Go Alongs and organisation cards, qualitative analyses are carried out on the work situation of older employees in geriatric nursing care. Together with theoretical models and findings from related studies, these empirical results provide the basis for a standardised telephone survey of older workers employed in the field. The necessary measures for age-appropriate working conditions and needs-based training as well as a forward-looking generation management in geriatric nursing care are derived from study results.

Contact persons: Franz Kolland, Annelies Karlegger, Andrea Marhali, Wolfgang Clemens

Projects prior to 2010
For detailed information please contact Franz Kolland

Seniors in Europe Learn in Networks – SEELERNETZ
Duration: 2008-2010
Funding: EU Lifelong Learning Programme Grundtvig
Homepage: www.seelernetz.eu
Project management (consortium partner): Kolland, Franz
Co-workers: Rigal, Elisabeth; Freudenthaler, Maria; Sachse, Irene; Wanka, Anna; Marhali, Andrea

Living culture in the life course
Duration: 2008-2009
Funding: Leiner/KIKA
Project management: Franz Kolland
Co-workers: students of the research laboratory ‘living culture and living styles in CV’

Changing a course of study at Austrian universities. An empirical study
Duration: 2008-2009
Funding: Federal Ministry of Science and Research
Project management: Kolland, Franz
Co-workers: Ahmadi, Pegah; Haas, Katharina; Morgeditsch, Wolfgang; Strodl, Robert

Good practice in educational work with the elderly

Duration: 2008-2009
Funding: Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection
Project management: Kolland, Franz
Co-workers: Ahmadi, Pegah; Haas, Katharina

Education, active ageing and social participation

Duration: 2008-2009
Funding: Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection
Project management: Kolland, Franz
Co-workers: Ahmadi, Pegah; Hauenschild, Barbara

Adding quality to life trough inter-generational learning via universities

Duration: 2006-2009
Funding: European Union (229596 CP-1-Grundtvig)
Project management: Franz Kolland

Conditions of entry to higher education
Duration: 2006-2007
Funding: Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture 
Project management: Franz Kolland
Co-worker: Morgeditsch, Wolfgang

Educational needs and arrangements of the elderly
Duration: 2005-2007
Funding: Federal Ministry of Social Security and Generations
Project management: Kolland, Franz
Co-workers: Ahmadi, Pegah; Benda-Kahri, Silvia; Kranzl, Verena; Neururer, Margit

Good practice in the educational work with the elderly
Duration: 2005-2006
Funding: Federal Ministry of Social Security and Generations
Project management: Kolland, Franz
Co-workers: Ahmadi, Pegah; Benda-Kahri, Silvia

I am doing something for me’: Work ability and long-term retention in the workplace, mobile nursing and care

Duration: 2004-2007
Funding: Fund for a Healthy Austria
Project management: Franz Kolland with Rosa Diketmüller and Heinrich Stubenböck

Development resources for life quality in older age. Web-based services between compensation and cumulation
Duration: 2004-2007
Funding: Jubilee Fund of the Austrian National Bank
Project management: Kolland, Franz
Co-workers: Kahri, Silvia; Rossbacher, Eva

Education in older age. The practice of education in older age in Austria. Providers and offers

Duration: 2002-2004
Funding: Federal Ministry of Social Security and Generations
Project management: Kolland, Franz
Co-worker: Kahri, Silvia

Decision-making processes in voluntary work

Duration: 2002-2003
Funding: University Jubilee Fund of the City of Vienna
Project management: Franz Kolland with Martin Oberbauer

Effects of the introduction of tuition fees to study participation and the study behaviour

Duration: 1999-2001
Funding: Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture 
Project management: Kolland, Franz
Co-workers: Frick, Ingrid; Kahri, Silvia

Educational careers and pathways in the City of Vienna between 1900 and 2000
Duration: 2000
Funding: Culture Department of the City of Vienna
Project management: Kolland, Franz

Causes and conditions, evaluations and effects of withdrawal from studies
Duration: 1999-2001
Funding: Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture 
Project managment: Kolland, Franz
Co-workers: Frick, Ingrid; Krenn, Monika; Latcheva, Rossalina

Ageing in Vienna

Duration: 1999-2001
Funding: City of Vienna, MA 18 Urban Planning
Project management: Franz Kolland
Co-worker: Gundula Elvin

Effects of studying in middle and older age

Duration: 1998 - 1999
Funding: Federal Ministry of Science and Transport
Project management: Kolland, Franz
Co-workers: Frick, Ingrid; Gröll, Wolfgang

Assessment of service offers by development organisations

Duration: 1998 - 1999
Funding: KOMMENT Salzburg
Project management: Franz Kolland
Co-workers: Elmar Bartosek, Roman Polzer, Sigrid Scheikl, Judith Obermann, Katharina Swirak

Relations between the generations

Duration: 1997-1998
Funding: Federal Ministry of Family Affairs
Project management: Franz Kolland with Leopold Rosenmayr

Socio-economic aspects of inter-generational relationships
Duration: 1996-1998
Funding: Austrian research Association
Project management: Franz Kolland with Leopold Rosenmayr



Department of Sociology
University of Vienna
Rooseveltplatz 2
A-1090 Vienna

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